Trawler Forum

Trawler Forum (https://www.trawlerforum.com/forums/)
-   General Discussion (https://www.trawlerforum.com/forums/s3/)
-   -   Whatís the point of getting oil samples before purchase??? (https://www.trawlerforum.com/forums/s3/what%92s-point-getting-oil-samples-before-purchase-40390.html)

Steve91T 09-05-2018 08:26 AM

Whatís the point of getting oil samples before purchase???
 
Itís virtuely meaningless without a trend. One of the mains was perfect, the other showed some signs of wear, an the gen was a mess. But it starts, runs, holds a load, doesnít smoke and has great oil pressure. The sample place themselves it really doesnít mean much unless there is a trend.

Thoughts?

Ski in NC 09-05-2018 08:37 AM

Post the reports here. Pre-purchase samples do have value, but they are imperfect tools. I've interpreted several hundred, so might be able to add something here.

menzies 09-05-2018 08:48 AM

I have this posted on my web site.

https://atanchor.com/wp-content/uploa...OIL-REPORT.pdf

Steve91T 09-05-2018 08:51 AM

5 Attachment(s)
Here you go. Thanks guys!

McDan 09-05-2018 08:53 AM

Quote:

Originally Posted by Steve91T (Post 695997)
Itís virtuely meaningless without a trend. One of the mains was perfect, the other showed some signs of wear, an the gen was a mess. But it starts, runs, holds a load, doesnít smoke and has great oil pressure. The sample place themselves it really doesnít mean much unless there is a trend.



Thoughts?



Trends are important, but some materials found in the oil are major red flags, eg: salt, coolant, bearing metals.
I walked away from a purchase when the engine survey & oil analysis revealed a raw-water leak into the turbo, meaning salt water was being added to the combustion cylinders.
A costly parting.

psneeld 09-05-2018 08:57 AM

They can show materials or liquids that shouldn't be there... like antifreeze, possible high sodium showing salt water, etc......

One right after an oil change...maybe not so much...its a judgement call, but for $25 per engine, its one of the cheapest insurance policies you can buy.

It may NOT show a hidden problem, but then again....it MIGHT.

sunchaser 09-05-2018 09:09 AM

Steve

Good question. In addition to oil sample results and meaning if any, look for:

Soot on the transom, oil burning smoke after warmup, does the engine immediately start, how much oil consumed between changes, by the book oil changes, ER condition, oil leaks, history of over heats etc.

This is where obtaining the maintenance logbooks prior to purchase pays off. And being able to talk with the maintenance provider(s). On go fasts forget all of the above.

Steve91T 09-05-2018 09:43 AM

So what do you guys think then of the samples that I posted?

DDW 09-05-2018 09:49 AM

The reports were unreadable for me. Need higher resolution.

Steve91T 09-05-2018 10:18 AM

Hrm...it’s how they uploaded. Any ideas how to upload a high resolution image? I’d love to get opinions soon.

denverd0n 09-05-2018 10:47 AM

Quote:

Originally Posted by McDan (Post 696018)
Trends are important, but some materials found in the oil are major red flags...

Exactly. A one-time analysis could show up some materials that are WAAAY out of whack for the time that is supposed to be on the engine. That's a big red flag. Things that seem a little off? Those don't tell you anything without the trend.

TomandJeri 09-05-2018 10:53 AM

We get regular reports from oil samples taken in the field of both diesel engines and hydraulic systems. While it's instructive to watch trends, what usually pops up the yellow and red flags (same Cat analysis results form as yours) are really bad things like high water content and dirt levels (hydraulics) and water/dirt/coolant/metals in the engines.



What triggered the yellow and red flags on those two reports?

Steve91T 09-05-2018 11:14 AM

Diesel generator
Ford Lehman 225 mains. Over 5000 hrs on mains and gen. Oil hasn’t been Changed in a while. 30 hrs on mains but 2 years ago. Gen is unknown

Generator:
Interpretation Text:IRON IS ELEVATED WITH EXTREMELY HIGH ALUMINUM AND SODIUM. LEAD, CHROME, SILICON AND POTASSIUM ARE ABOVE NORMAL A WELL. TEST FOR GLYCOL WAS NEGATIVE. VISCOSITY IS LOW. GC INDICATED 2.99% FUEL DILUTION. POSSIBLE WEAR SOURCES: BEARINGS, PISTON RINGS, CYLINDER LINERS, VALVES, CUT FILTER OPEN AND INSPECT FOR METAL, REPAIR AS NECESSARY. AFTERWARDS; CHANGE OIL AND PULL ANOTHER SAMPLE AT 25HRS TO MONITOR.

Starboard main:
Interpretation Text:AS COMPARED WITH YOUR PORT SIDE ENGINE. IRON APPEARS ELEVATED. COPPER AND LEAD APPEAR ABOVE NORMAL AS WELL. POSSIBLE WEAR SOURCES: BEARINGS, VALVES, CHECK FILTER FOR METAL/PLUGS. VISCOSITY IS LOW. GC INDICATED 1.88%% FUEL DILUTION. MONITOR SYSTEM'S OPERATION CLOSELY AND PULL ANOTHER SAMPLE AT 25HRS MONITOR.

High Wire 09-05-2018 04:25 PM

My last generator sample came back like yours. It was hard to start. 10 hours later the engine would not start and all three cylinders had below minimum compression pressure. My thoughts are you are looking at least an engine rebuild in the near future.

Lepke 09-05-2018 04:38 PM

I test my oil once or twice a year depending on hours. I centrifuge the oil so don't change unless I get a bad report, and that's never happened. The filters get changed once a year and get cut open to see what they're catching.
An oil test can catch things many hours in advance. It keeps a minor repair from becoming a major repair.

Lepke 09-05-2018 04:43 PM

Quote:

Originally Posted by High Wire (Post 696157)
My last generator sample came back like yours. It was hard to start. 10 hours later the engine would not start and all three cylinders had below minimum compression pressure. My thoughts are you are looking at least an engine rebuild in the near future.

If the engine is diesel, you can add a block heater and get a few more easy starts. But watch for oil in the exhaust.

Rain Dog 09-05-2018 05:19 PM

How about this one?

https://drive.google.com/file/d/1pra...0GitL7Xds/view

sunchaser 09-05-2018 05:38 PM

Steve

My 2 cents worth.

If you really like the boat, suggest you price in the cost to professionally rebuild engine(s). A less than stellar rebuild carries a risk. Time too.

The reason for a survey is to detect problems and fatal flaws. Looks like you found some. The other tell is no regular oil changes. Stick to your guns.

Steve91T 09-05-2018 07:29 PM

Man you guys are making me nervous. I know that there was no smoke and it had great oil pressure (50-60 psi). It did have low water flow out the exhaust and auto shut down due to overheat. The owner is having the impelled changed and will go from there if that doesn’t fix the issue. I’m going to have that mechanic check for blow by. If there is blow by, we are going to ask for money off the purchase price.

The generator is diesel, and it did crank for a few seconds before starting. It seems similar to my gas generator that I had. I’m not sure if diesel generators are supposed to start faster than gas generators.

O C Diver 09-05-2018 08:17 PM

Regarding oil analysis before purchase:

Had oil analysis done on my engine, transmission, and generator even though they all had less than 1,000 hours. Oil analysis on the transmission showed a significantly elevated sodium content. The transmission cooler had a slow leak and salt water was getting into the transmission oil. Renegotiated the price based on a Cummins dealer estimate to replace the transmission cooler (along with some other deferred maintenance). The $75+/- cost of oil analysis reduced my purchase price by over $1K on the transmission alone. Did the work my self and sourced OEM parts at a better price than the dealer estimate. In my case, oil analysis paid huge dividends between saving me money and identifying a potentially severe problem that was completely resolved.

Ted


All times are GMT -5. The time now is 02:13 AM.

Powered by vBulletin® Version 3.8.8 Beta 4
Copyright ©2000 - 2021, vBulletin Solutions, Inc.
Search Engine Optimization by vBSEO 3.6.0
Copyright 2006 - 2012