Underperforming inverter

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Jon

Senior Member
Joined
Mar 17, 2008
Messages
132
Location
canada
Vessel Name
Isle of Skye
Vessel Make
Bruckmann trawler
In the fall I had a Heart inverter fail on me and I replaced it with a new Heart 2000. After installation, all I could get on invert was 100V. I took the beast to a recommended service centre north of Nashville and the tech tried for several hours to replicate the problem but kept getting 120V. His only suggestion was that my batteries must be shot. I have a house bank of Interstate 6V (approx 750Ah at 12V) which are 6 months old.I equalised the house( the charging portion of the inverter works fine)then*I went to a Napa dealer and they kindly sent a kid with their latest battery load tester. All batteries tested fine.
I've run all the voltage checks on the supply side and I'm getting 12.4V input.
My principal use for the inverter is for computers and TV so no major problems with this but I'm worried what I'll do to elec tools if I end up with any major jobs at anchor.
Any ideas or next steps???
 
At 12.4V, your batteries are about 80% charged. Take a look at the attached table. You may have a problem with your charger.
 

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"... all I could get on invert was 100V ..."

Your inverter should produce full voltage output until the supply voltage*drops to the cutoff level which is probably around 10 volts or so.
*
How are you measuring the output voltage? If that unit is a square wave inverter you need to use an RMS voltmeter to measure it correctly. The tech almost certainly used a high impedance RMS meter but if yours is a simple 1K per volt consumer grade meter it will not read AC correctly unless it sees a perfect sine wave.

Are you checking the output and input under load? If the DC in is 12.4 at the inverter with fresh charged batteries, check the voltage at the battery bank itself to see if you have a bad connection between there and the inverter.

Have a good read of*your inverter manual to see what the troubleshooting guide says about minimum input voltage and/or low output voltage.
 
Jon, battery voltage should be higher but even a 12.4 you should get more than 100 volts. First check the meter you are using and be sure your reading is correct. Next is to check the wiring size from the 12 volt source to the inverter. Also check your actual voltage at the battery and the voltage input to the inverter. Is there a substantial voltage drop? Next, check the voltage at the inverter input with a load on the inverter. Don't use any of your expensive electronics as a load.
 
I'm using an RMS meter and I have tested it when I'm on shore power. The test load I use is a heat gun and also a 110V heater and there is a noticeable difference in fan speed with invert power.
Batteries after equalising with the Heart will go to 12.6, and will need topping off with water.
With a 1200W load there is minimal drop between the batteries and the inverter connections.
Have read the inverter manual 'till my eyes ache.
I'll be done skiing in a week or so and then back to Dog River where I can document some hard numbers.
Many thanks for all the suggestions
Jon
 
Jon, I guess your stated voltage is a bit confusing. Are you testing the voltage with your charger off? With the charger on connected to shore power your voltage should read 13.4 to 13.6.
 
Chuck,
12.6 was after stopping equalising charge and topping off all cells. Not charging at that time.
Jon
 
Jon, Then that sounds about right if the batteries were at rest for a period of time. Have you tried the inverter with the charger putting out 13.6 with the charger on? If the voltage at the inverter input and the batteries are within a reasonable voltage then the issue has to be the inverter. I am not a big fan of Xantrex. When the shop tested the unit do you know what they used for input voltage? It is not reasonable to expect the batteries to maintain 13 volts with no charger on at anchor. With the 1200 watt load on the inverter, what does the battery voltage read and what is the input voltage at the inverter? Check the input voltage at the attachment lugs and not directly on the wires.
 
Jon, One other suggestion, depending on how your inverter is wired. Get a heavy pair of wires and connect the inverter directly to the batteries. Be sure the shore power is off. Test the unit again with a direct connection.
 
I'll take some booster cables from the frozen North and try that.
Can't remember what the shop used as an input but I thought it was an actual battery (but could've been hooked up to a big charger)

Jon
 
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