I've recently been reading about the safety requirements for New Zealand registered boats. Their new laws require all recreational boats leaving the country to be certified for Category 1 (offshore) racing.
I had a look at the requirements for Category 1 yachts, and they certainly are thorough. Perhaps too much so.
They have a separate set of requirements for power boats departing the country. They seem to be much more lenient on power boats. Here's the requirements.
MOTORYACHTS EMBARKING ON OFFSHORE PASSAGES
BASIC REQUIREMENT (Based On Category 1 Requirements)
Any vessel venturing offshore shall be of sufficiently robust construction and be of a volume to be able to carry:
(i) Sufficient fuel in safe tankage, with strong preference for internal tanks.
(ii) Sufficient stores to make a safe trip.
1.0 Hull and Design
(a) Minimum 12 metres in length.
(b) All hulls should have Designer’s or Builder’s Certificate as to suitability and fitness for the purpose. This includes stability calculations loaded and unloaded.
(c) Emphasis to be put on the ‘displacement/length formula’ which helps to validate the vessel’s suitability. (d) Minimum of two water-tight bulkheads - one collision bulkhead forward plus one other.
(a) Ideally sufficient fuel capacity in integral tanks for the length of passage plus 10% at coastal cruising speed. Any temporary tankage should be able to withstand a ‘Knockdown’ when full and should not adversely affect the trim of the vessel. All tanks to be accurately calibrated to allow monitoring of fuel consumption.
3.0 Mechanical and Fitted Systems
(a) Suitable main propulsion unit or units.
(b) Exhaust system and air intake suitable for continuous running. (c) Adequate bilge pumps - electrical and hand pump. (d) Alternative steering system to be demonstrated. (e) Adequate starting batteries and house batteries. (f) Dedicated battery for radio is recommended. (g) Ability to charge batteries by alternator plus one alternate method. (h) Secure fuel system with adequate filtering method.
(i) Suitable ground tackle recovery system (windlass).
(j) Appropriate stabilising equipment is recommended (flopper stopper - sail or active fin).
(k) Alternative means of propulsion (sail or secondary independent engine).
(a) Comfortable berths (with lee cloths when appropriate).
(b) Galley suitable for preparing hot food in rough sea conditions.
(c) Minimal large areas or suitable hand/grab rails for crew safety.
(d) Suitable area for navigation.
(e) Suitable stowage for provisions.
(a) Communication - SSB radio or satellite phone and mounted VHF and waterproof hand held VHF radio. (b) Handrails to regulation height around working deck (see SR Part II).
(c) Self draining cockpit and freeing ports in bulwarks.
(d) Suitable ground tackle including 2 anchors, 2 warps and chains.
(e) Sea anchor, drogue/s or tyres with suitable warps and chafing gear to enable the vessel to lie head to sea or slow down in storm conditions. Suitable bollards to be fitted.
(f) Flares, fire extinguishers, lifebuoys, lifejackets and EPIRB and all other relevant safety systems to the same specification as Category 1 yachts.
(g) Jack line plus two harnesses.
(a) Sufficient spare oil to effect a complete oil change plus oil filters.
(b) Adequate primary and secondary fuel filters.
(c) Adequate spare V belts.
(d) One or more injector/s.
(e) One or more universal injector pipe/s.
(f) Engine spares as recommended by engine manufacturer and supplier.
(g) Water pump kit/s.
(h) Fuel lift pump kit/s, including tool to bleed fuel system.
(i) Adequate tools.
(j) A schedule of spares must be presented and approved by the Inspector.
(k) Service manuals for all equipment.
Crew should be experienced and competent. Reminder: “It is the inescapable responsibility of the master to ensure that the vessel has a crew that is sufficient in number and is:
(a) Able to navigate.
(b) Capable of handling the vessel in offshore conditions.
(c) Able to effect basic repairs at sea.
(d) Able to plan passage including fuel and stores consumption and graphs.