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Old 10-17-2021, 09:46 AM   #41
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Xantrex SW repair

Since you opened the box, the company may be reluctant to take on the repair.

I have an SW3012 which Xantrex repaired 2, maybe 3 times (a board needed to be replaced) due to a bad tech and did it for free. I didn't open the box, just got in touch with the dealer I bought the unit from.

Xantrex even paid the shipping back, you know how heavy those units are.

Finally, a company, MSE on the Eastern Shore of the Chesapeake Bay wired the unit into the boat correctly and all has been great and the unit is invisible to us, it just works.

Being on the east coast I'm not sure I can help but if you really get stuck PM me back and we'll see what we can do.

Good luck.
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Old 10-17-2021, 12:46 PM   #42
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Quote:
wired the unit into the boat correctly
what does that mean? The instructions are clear, the terminals identified. The only way to wire it incorrectly is not following the installation instruction.
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Old 10-17-2021, 12:53 PM   #43
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I guess I should have said, wired it so we didn't need to throw switches to change from the charger to the inverter.

At least 2 of the techs wired the unit so there was a back feed, which blew out a board, I guess they didn't read the manual.

How did your damage occur?
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Old 10-17-2021, 01:04 PM   #44
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Nepidae View Post
I guess I should have said, wired it so we didn't need to throw switches to change from the charger to the inverter.

At least 2 of the techs wired the unit so there was a back feed, which blew out a board, I guess they didn't read the manual.

How did your damage occur?


I am not sure, if you are asking me? I am the OP.
At the beginning of this thread, I described what happened. It was not a wiring issue. A socket wrench fell inside the unit, while I was connecting the DC wires. There is no visible damage, but the unit does not come alive.
I have taken it to S3 in Ballard and paid for diagnostics. The tech said, he could not do anything with it. I still had to pay.
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Old 10-17-2021, 01:39 PM   #45
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Nepidae View Post
I guess I should have said, wired it so we didn't need to throw switches to change from the charger to the inverter.

At least 2 of the techs wired the unit so there was a back feed, which blew out a board, I guess they didn't read the manual.

How did your damage occur?
If you are asking me, unknown, suspected shore power surge from power outage. The pass through AC and charging worked, the inverter did not. Thought is it may have switched back/forth and fried the circuit board.
Now I remember to turn off inverter while at dock as it is not needed to make AC anyway.
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Old 10-19-2021, 04:00 PM   #46
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Here are some photos of the inverter inside. Where shall I measure first?

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Old 10-19-2021, 04:04 PM   #47
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Inverter tech

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The full inside view.
There is no visible burning, coloring, swelling.
All three fuses check out.
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Old 10-20-2021, 10:09 AM   #48
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The area next to the two transformers and the DC input is the input stage. We'll focus there first. Look at all the capacitors in this area. Any bulging? Measure resistance of all of them. Any shorted caps need to be replaced.

Next, identify the FETs in the input stage. They are mounted on a heatsink. There are likely four or eight of them. They have three pins. Measure resistance between the pins. They should not be shorted. One of the pins is connected to a thin trace (gate), the other two are connected to heavy traces (source, drain). Follow the thin trace to a small resistor. Measure all of them. They should be the same. Let me know what you find.
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Old 10-20-2021, 10:42 AM   #49
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The way you described the damage to the unit and how it happened, I think it's something like this... The live section of the DC power was not hooked up and the AC shore power was live, a metallic socket fell in trough the holes. The AC input is on the AC in/out board upper left of your last picture. The socket would have had to touch the AC input terminals under that board and something else at the same time to cause damage, and it was only 3-4" long. The largest item in there that is conductive and easily touched is the heat sink for the FETS which is probably connected to the ground plane of the entire lower board.

So any component on the lower board is suspect and I'm going to say it's probably one of the surface mount logic level chips which would be most sensitive to that sort of a situation, they are all designed for 3.3V-5V DC. You can check FETs and caps, and those are common failure modes in normal operation, but knowing what happened and thinking of 120V AC being put to the ground plane of the board, I doubt that you'll find the problem.

There are various small surface mount components that provide oscillators, timing and generally control of the whole system. They are basically tiny computers and they are all tied to the ground plane as well, I'll bet that these components are where the issue lies.
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Old 10-21-2021, 04:38 PM   #50
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Inverter tech

Quote:
Originally Posted by sbman View Post
The way you described the damage to the unit and how it happened, I think it's something like this... The live section of the DC power was not hooked up and the AC shore lies.


I am not saying you are incorrect. Although, I remember well that all connections were on. The stupid accident happened when I was trying to tie down the negative wire on the DC side. AC was all secured already and the positive on the DC. The negative wire was on the terminal and I was securing the nut on it. This is when the ratchet wrench socket fell inside.
The cover of the inverter was still on. At the end of the unit, where the connections are, a small cover section can be removed to make the connections with the wires. So, when the socket fell in, I could not see where did it go. There is a small opening between the components inside, so the socket could have gone only one way down, where it could bounce around a little. So, whatever it touched had to be at the lower section of the board.
Like I said I have not seen any burns, swelling or damage at that section. However, I can see burn marks at the AC IN wire section. I'll attach photos.

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Old 10-21-2021, 04:57 PM   #51
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Inverter tech

Quote:
Originally Posted by gsholz View Post
Here we go.

There should be a row of FETs/transistors with heatsinks close to the input side. Each has three pins. Two of them (source and drain) have good sized copper traces going to them (they carry a lot of current). The other pin is the gate. Check resistance between the gate and the other two. It should not be shorted. Check resistance between the source and drain. Again should not be shorted. Do this for all FETs in the input side. If you find some that have different resistance than the rest, they are likely faulty and need to be replaced.
replacements.


I did the measurements you have suggested.

The 9 large capacitors all measure the same, 1.49 Mohms. These are the large brown colored one on the left side of the heat sink. No visual damage can be seen.

The FTEs are on the right side of the heat sink mounted at the bottom of the sink. I measured the legs from below on the main board. There total 12 of them.
The source/drain pair shows 4.99 Kohms. All the same.
The left leg/gate pair shows 1.41-1.43 Mohms.
The right leg/gate pair shows 14.1-14.3 Kohms.
I don't know which is the source and the drain, so I call them left/right as I was facing the board strait up.

I took some more photos.
The photos show that some of the FTEs have something flown over, so the letters are not visible. It looks like a type of glue. It could be a result of manufacturing.

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Old 10-22-2021, 09:15 AM   #52
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Have just repaired an old Raytheon hailer and found similar goo on two capacitors, I believe it is dielectric silicon-not leakage. It's purpose is unknown to me.

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Old 10-22-2021, 09:27 AM   #53
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Steve noticed Mastervolt was not on your list. Last year the P.O. replaced his Victron (which failed) with a Master Volt. Is this a component I’d need to be concerned about?
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Old 10-22-2021, 10:45 AM   #54
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Good news. Looks like the input section FETs (Field Effect Transistors) are OK. They rarely fail open. Do the same measurements in the output section. This is the section that converts the 160V DC to AC. Measure the FETs and caps as before.

Also measure the resistance on the DC input terminals and the AC input/output terminals.
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Old 10-22-2021, 12:06 PM   #55
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The FETs would be mounted with a heat transfer paste, that might be what you are seeing.

Understood about the socket, hard to say what was touched, if the DC was also connected then there's a wider range of things that could have been damaged.

You might also check the two transformers next to the FETs, these are part of the circuit used to boost the voltage.
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Old 10-27-2021, 07:53 PM   #56
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Inverter tech

Quote:
Originally Posted by gsholz View Post
Good news. Looks like the input section FETs (Field Effect Transistors) are OK. They rarely fail open. Do the same measurements in the output section. This is the section that converts the 160V DC to AC. Measure the FETs and caps as before.

Also measure the resistance on the DC input terminals and the AC input/output terminals.


Well, here are the results. This was much more difficult, because it is hard to see anything and the boat is rocking constantly for the last few days. I've made few more pictures of the FTE section.

DC terminal + shows 0.3 ohm
DC terminal - shows 0.4 ohm

AC terminals all 0.3-0.4 ohm

2 large white capacitors on the left of the grill show 3.52 Mohms
3 medium orange capacitors show 10.1 Mohms at start and the number keep going down slowly

FTE
I am not sure how many they are. It seems total of 9, but I cannot see from the front. I will list 9 measurements, but it could be only 8 of them.
Starting from the bottom one and going up.
Leg left with center - 1.95 Mohm
Leg left with leg right - 38.2 Kohm
Leg center with leg right - 1.95 Mohm

Leg left with center - 1.56 Mohms
Leg left with leg right - 38.4 Kohms
Leg center with leg right - 1.58 Mohm

Leg left with center - 0.625 Mohms
Leg left with leg right - 38 Kohms
Leg center with leg right - 0.626 Mohm

Leg left with center - 4.19 Mohms
Leg left with leg right - 36.6 Kohms
Leg center with leg right - 4.24 Mohm

Leg left with center - 12.82 Mohms
Leg left with leg right - 22.6 ohms
Leg center with leg right - 12.85 Mohm

Leg left with center - 12.54 Mohms
Leg left with leg right - 22.6 ohms
Leg center with leg right - 12.49 Mohm

Leg left with center - 12.54 Mohms
Leg left with leg right - 22.7 ohms
Leg center with leg right - 12.51 Mohm

Leg left with center - 12.42 Mohms
Leg left with leg right - 22.6 ohms
Leg center with leg right - 12.40 Mohm

?
Leg left with center - 3.66 Mohms
Leg left with leg right - 31.1 Kohms
Leg center with leg right - 3.72 Mohms



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Old 10-28-2021, 10:21 AM   #57
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Neither the DC in nor the AC in /out sections should be shorted. The 0.x Ohms you see are just the resistance of your leads.

Something is not quite right with your measurements. You measured the input sections FETs and caps with high resistance but the DC in section shows a short. There is not much between the DC input terminals and the input section FETs.

Follow the heavy traces on the DC input side. Keep measuring resistance. Eventually you should arrive at the input section FETs. Measure resistance between the two heavy traces on a FET. It should have the same resistance as what you are measuring at the DC input side.
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Old 10-28-2021, 10:54 AM   #58
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Quote:
Originally Posted by gsholz View Post
Neither the DC in nor the AC in /out sections should be shorted. The 0.x Ohms you see are just the resistance of your leads.

Something is not quite right with your measurements. You measured the input sections FETs and caps with high resistance but the DC in section shows a short. There is not much between the DC input terminals and the input section FETs.

Follow the heavy traces on the DC input side. Keep measuring resistance. Eventually you should arrive at the input section FETs. Measure resistance between the two heavy traces on a FET. It should have the same resistance as what you are measuring at the DC input side.


Did you mean AC side FTE ?

Where is the short on DC side?

What is considered short, how much resistance?

Forgive my questions, but you are talking to a novice here....
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Old 10-28-2021, 11:56 AM   #59
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You mentioned that the AC outputs were already connected. If the AC's so called neutral (grounded conductor) was connected to the boat's bonding system at the time you were connecting the DC to the inverter, that would have immediately caused either a 12V circuit breaker to trip and maybe save the inverter OR killed the 4 FETs in the inverter's output H bridge. And yes, FETs can fail open or shorted. Just my thoughts-
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Old 10-28-2021, 12:23 PM   #60
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Quote:
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You mentioned that the AC outputs were already connected. If the AC's so called neutral (grounded conductor) was connected to the boat's bonding system at the time you were connecting the DC to the inverter, that would have immediately caused either a 12V circuit breaker to trip and maybe save the inverter OR killed the 4 FETs in the inverter's output H bridge. And yes, FETs can fail open or shorted. Just my thoughts-


Inverter's output H bridge means the AC side? The FTEs I have measured yesterday, with those odd numbers? Based on the numbers are listed, which FTE is dead? Are they expensive? Is it worth trying to replace them?

Yes, all AC wires were connected securely, when the accident happened.
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