Thread: Water quality
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Old 03-28-2014, 01:17 PM   #20
psneeld's Avatar
City: Avalon, NJ
Country: USA
Vessel Name: Freedom
Vessel Model: Albin 40
Join Date: Oct 2011
Posts: 16,614
Based on my get more germs from touching door knobs, touching money and licking you fingers after a chicken dinner than from RO water.......

Reverse Osmosis

Reverse osmosis is the most economical method of removing up to 99% of your feed water's contaminants.
To understand reverse osmosis we must first understand osmosis. During natural osmosis, water flows from a less concentrated solution through a semipermeable membrane to a more concentrated solution until concentration and pressure on both sides of the membrane are equal.
In water purification systems, external pressure is applied to the more concentrated (feed water) side of the membrane to reverse the natural osmotic flow. This forces the feed water through the semipermeable membrane. The impurities are deposited on the membrane surface and sent to drain and the water that passes through the membrane as product water is, for the most part, free of impurities.
A reverse osmosis membrane has a thin microporous surface that rejects impurities, but allows water to pass through. The membrane rejects bacteria, pyrogens, and 90-95% of inorganic solids. Polyvalent ions are rejected easier than monovalent ions. Organic solids with a molecular weight greater than 200 Daltons are rejected by the membrane, but dissolved gases are not as effectively removed.
Reverse osmosis is a percent rejection technology. The purity of the product water depends on the purity of the feed water. The product is typically 95-99% higher in purity than that of the feed water.
Due to the restrictive nature of the membrane, the flow rate is much slower than other purification technologies. This slow flow rate means that all RO systems require a storage tank to provide a constant supply of RO water ready when you need it
- See more at: What is Pure Water?

From the Center For Disease Control....

CDC - A Guide to Drinking Water Treatment Technologies for Household Use - Camping, Hiking, Travel - Drinking Water - Healthy Water
Reverse Osmosis Systems

  • Reverse Osmosis Systems use a process that reverses the flow of water in a natural process of osmosis so that water passes from a more concentrated solution to a more dilute solution through a semi-permeable membrane. Pre- and post-filters are often incorporated along with the reverse osmosis membrane itself.
  • A reverse osmosis filter has a pore size of approximately 0.0001 micron.
  • Reverse Osmosis Systems have a very high effectiveness in removing protozoa (for example, Cryptosporidium, Giardia);
  • Reverse Osmosis Systems have a very high effectiveness in removing bacteria (for example, Campylobacter, Salmonella, Shigella, E. coli);
  • Reverse Osmosis Systems have a very high effectiveness in removing viruses (for example, Enteric, Hepatitis A, Norovirus, Rotavirus);
  • Reverse Osmosis Systems will remove common chemical contaminants (metal ions, aqueous salts), including sodium, chloride, copper, chromium, and lead; may reduce arsenic, fluoride, radium, sulfate, calcium, magnesium, potassium, nitrate, and phosphorous.
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