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Old 08-12-2015, 11:21 AM   #61
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Originally Posted by Diesel Duck 492 View Post
Way too much aluminum for me to feel comfortable using that as a saltwater marine engine. (Though I know it is done.)

And the 6LW's aren't really what I would call slow-turning; about the same as a NA Detroit 71 series.

Now a Gardner 6L3, that's a proper slow turning marine engine worth building a boat around:
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Old 08-12-2015, 12:13 PM   #62
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The 6LXB was built as a marine engine and i don't know of anyone who has had any trouble in the regard of the aluminium used in the construction especially when you see the years these engines have done.
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Old 08-12-2015, 12:20 PM   #63
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QB
The 6LXB was built as a marine engine and i don't know of anyone who has had any trouble in the regard of the aluminium used in the construction especially when you see the years these engines have done.
My Gray Marines were 50 years old when I rebuilt them and were aluminum blocks with cast iron heads. The only problem I came across when I opened them up was corrosion on the water seals (between block and head) because the freshwater/antifreeze mix obviously had been neglected for a long time. I ground the corrosion out, rebuilt nice flat seats with JW Weld and installed new water seal gaskets. End of problem.
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Old 08-12-2015, 12:48 PM   #64
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Nice to see a positive on JW Weld use. I carry a tube of it in my "What do I have to fix this" box. This use sounds like a very serious use of the product. Thanks for sharing the use.

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Old 08-12-2015, 12:52 PM   #65
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Next to duct tape, it's the best all-around fix it material invented by mankind!

Just my opinion
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Old 08-12-2015, 01:07 PM   #66
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The thread is wandering! Gorillia tape is now superior to Duc Tape.

Here is a video on 2 cylinder Gardner. What a sound!



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Old 08-12-2015, 01:27 PM   #67
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That rules out the 4045 for me, thanks for the update.

However I checked with AGCO SISU and their model does have a limp home mode. It still requires electricity to run the engine, but with solar panels, house batteries and a few strands of wire, the chances of being 100% without electricity are rather small.

That is assuming that Godzilla does not blast you with an EMP
I don't like the electric, turbo charged engine but the reality is that I can't find a compliant tier III engine from a major brand that is mechanical and non turboed. So while I REALLY don't like the power requirement on the engine, the reality is that because of PV, wind generation, possible generator but I would like to NOT have a generator, and multiple batteries, the chances of being without power is close to 0. I would rather be able to run the engine without power since that simplifies things.

I did look up the cost of the ECM, injectors and other replacement parts that might fail, including failure in lightning strikes. The spares were not that expensive. Figure just vacuum seal the parts, put them in a metal box and move on.

The slow running Gardner 6XLB is a REALLY nice engine for what we want to do with a boat.

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Old 08-12-2015, 01:37 PM   #68
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Thank you for posting the Cliff Note version since it backs up my understanding of reading the EPA regulations. Said regulations are not exactly easy to read.

At least the EPA is not requiring Tier IV on engines in our size. DEF would be a real PITA...

I have read of people traveling down EU rivers that had their engine checked for compliance. Since we would like to travel some EU rivers, this matters to us. And we would eventually spend a great deal of time in US waters so we have to be EPA compliant.

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Old 08-12-2015, 11:53 PM   #69
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QB
The 6LXB was built as a marine engine and i don't know of anyone who has had any trouble in the regard of the aluminium used in the construction especially when you see the years these engines have done.
I don't either, so I probably should change my mind about this, but I'd really prefer an iron one. Lots of good ballast down low.
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Old 08-13-2015, 12:50 AM   #70
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there do seem to be exemptions to some of the EPA rules, I cut/pasted the below from a power equipment site.

from this site: http://www.frontierpower.com/library/epa.htm
  • Engines not yet subject to EPA emission standards:
  • 17. Used engine manufactured before emission standards started to apply.
    • <19kw/25hp, manufactured before January 1, 2000, or <19kW/25hp and per-cylinder displacement less than 50 cc.
    • >=19kW/25hp and <37kW/50hp, manufactured before January 1, 1999
    • >=37kW/50hp and <75kW/100hp, manufactured before January 1, 1998
    • >=75kW/100hp and <130kW/175hp, manufactured before January 1, 1997
    • >=130kW/175hp and <560kW/750hp, manufactured before January 1, 1996
    • 560kW/750hp, manufactured before January 1, 2000
    • recreational marine diesel below 2.5 litres per cylinder, manufactured before 2006 model year
    • recreational vehicle manufactured before 2007 model year


doesn't line four apply to the Gardner engine?
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Old 08-13-2015, 06:28 AM   #71
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Been watching this with some interest.
Couple of thoughts:


1) Noise- How about acoustic-blok, Second Skin, Dynamat or a similar deadener for the ER to reduce noise above deck and in the spaces outside the ER? If building from scratch, why not the same materiel in the bulkheads between spaces. The more deadener, the quieter.
2) Tier requirements- If limited to 6 months in country to maintain the exclusion, why not make sure you take a run outside the line once inside that 6 month window and I would think you'd be ok? If you're planning on cruising anyway???

Just a thought or 2.
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Old 08-13-2015, 10:33 AM   #72
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Been watching this with some interest.
Couple of thoughts:

(2) Tier requirements- If limited to 6 months in country to maintain the exclusion, why not make sure you take a run outside the line once inside that 6 month window and I would think you'd be ok? If you're planning on cruising anyway???

Just a thought or 2.
That's all good until you go to sell your boat. Now, with your non compliant engine, you have eliminated a VERY large chunk of potential buyers (Those from the USA) who want to keep their vessel permanently in their local waters and don't want to hassle with having to get it out of the country every six months (or whatever the regs may be). My problem with this proposal is that whenever I approach big ticket items or business ventures I first think about my "exit strategy" with the hopes of minimizing any future losses. Just Sayin'
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Old 08-13-2015, 10:47 AM   #73
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The subject boat of this thread is a 40ish foot one off custom steel hull creation. If his "exit strategy" involved selling it in less than 20 years I'd recommend the OP take up land based camping.

The only quick way to get rid of that asset short of giving it away would involve a lot of insurance and a short handed trip offshore.
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Old 08-13-2015, 11:16 AM   #74
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It's interesting that per the EU Directive on Recreational Craft (Article 1.2.(a) (vii) and Article 1.2 (c)), if a vessel is homebuilt and not sold before 5 years, then it is exempt from the emissions requirements.

Since there is a Mutual Recognition Agreement between the USA and the EU, I would imagine that the EPA has a similar exemption. Just a guess though.
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Old 08-13-2015, 12:23 PM   #75
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That's all good until you go to sell your boat. Now, with your non compliant engine, you have eliminated a VERY large chunk of potential buyers (Those from the USA) who want to keep their vessel permanently in their local waters and don't want to hassle with having to get it out of the country every six months (or whatever the regs may be). My problem with this proposal is that whenever I approach big ticket items or business ventures I first think about my "exit strategy" with the hopes of minimizing any future losses. Just Sayin'
I understand. Was just tossing out a few simplistic suggestions to try and help. I like the KISS principle myself
As I understood him, he had no intent to sell. If so, then yes, it could create complications.

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The subject boat of this thread is a 40ish foot one off custom steel hull creation. If his "exit strategy" involved selling it in less than 20 years I'd recommend the OP take up land based camping.
I love it!

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The only quick way to get rid of that asset short of giving it away would involve a lot of insurance and a short handed trip offshore.
Whooooo......Mexico....ohohoh.....

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It's interesting that per the EU Directive on Recreational Craft (Article 1.2.(a) (vii) and Article 1.2 (c)), if a vessel is homebuilt and not sold before 5 years, then it is exempt from the emissions requirements.

Since there is a Mutual Recognition Agreement between the USA and the EU, I would imagine that the EPA has a similar exemption. Just a guess though.
On stuff like that, I hate to guess.
Make sure you know beforehand.

While I prefer keeping things simple, I don't mind paying an expert for their time and knowledge to make sure I'm not dumping (more) money down the drain...

OD
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Old 08-13-2015, 12:25 PM   #76
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there do seem to be exemptions to some of the EPA rules, I cut/pasted the below from a power equipment site.

from this site: Frontier Power Products - US EPA & Canadian Emissions Regulations & documentation
  • Engines not yet subject to EPA emission standards:
  • 17. Used engine manufactured before emission standards started to apply.
...
doesn't line four apply to the Gardner engine?
HOLLYWOOD
I don't think so. The link is a itty bitty summary of the huge amount of written regulations. I THINK this link sets the new engine, new build requirement.
eCFR €” Code of Federal Regulations
Quote:
(b) Subpart I of this part describes how the prohibitions of 40 CFR 1068.101(a)(1) apply for certain remanufactured engines. The provisions of 40 CFR 1068.105 do not allow the installation of a new remanufactured engine in a vessel that is defined as a new vessel unless the remanufactured engine is subject to the same standards as the standards applicable to freshly manufactured engines of the required model year.
The problem is that the regulations are HUGE, confusing, and a little sentence can be important yet easy to miss.

Later,
Dan
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Old 08-13-2015, 12:45 PM   #77
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It's interesting that per the EU Directive on Recreational Craft (Article 1.2.(a) (vii) and Article 1.2 (c)), if a vessel is homebuilt and not sold before 5 years, then it is exempt from the emissions requirements.

Since there is a Mutual Recognition Agreement between the USA and the EU, I would imagine that the EPA has a similar exemption. Just a guess though.
I think I found the EPA exemption for home built boats, i.e., Personal-use exemption. eCFR — Code of Federal Regulations

Quote:
1042.630 Personal-use exemption.

This section applies to individuals who manufacture vessels for personal use with used Category 1 engines. If you and your vessel meet all the conditions of this section, the vessel and its engine are considered to be exempt from the standards and requirements of this part that apply to new engines and new vessels. The prohibitions in 1068.101(a)(1) do not apply to engines exempted under this section. For example, you may install an engine that was not certified as a marine engine.
(a) The vessel may not be manufactured from a previously certified vessel, nor may it be manufactured from a partially complete vessel that is equivalent to a certified vessel. The vessel must be manufactured primarily from unassembled components, but may incorporate some preassembled components. For example, fully preassembled steering assemblies may be used. You may also power the vessel with an engine that was previously used in a highway or land-based nonroad application.
(b) The vessel may not be sold within five years after the date of final assembly.
(c) No individual may manufacture more than one vessel in any ten-year period under this exemption.
(d) You may not use the vessel in any revenue-generating service or for any other commercial purpose, except that you may use a vessel exempt under this section for commercial fishing that you personally do.
(e) This exemption may not be used to circumvent the requirements of this part or the requirements of the Clean Air Act. For example, this exemption would not cover a case in which a person sells an almost completely assembled vessel to another person, who would then complete the assembly. This would be considered equivalent to the sale of the complete new vessel. This section also does not allow engine manufacturers to produce new engines that are exempt from emission standards and it does not provide an exemption from the prohibition against tampering with certified engines.
(f) The vessel must be a vessel that is not classed or subject to Coast Guard inspections or surveys.
Great. Now I just need to build my boat so I can install a Gardner engine and a CPP.

Later,
Dan
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Old 08-14-2015, 06:22 AM   #78
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Great. Now I just need to build my boat so I can install a Gardner engine and a CPP.

Take lots of photos , with a newspaper for date , for the probable paper blizzard at the end.
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Old 08-14-2015, 09:22 AM   #79
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Mako

With all sorts of advice on how to skirt the law and get yourself and boat in heaps of trouble, there is a much simpler solution. Buy a fixer upper that has the hull design you desire, gut it and install a rebuilt Cummins or similar cost effective engine offering factory warranty.

I have been on several seaworthy vessels where the owners did exactly that; one yesterday that is approaching 50 years old and nearly pristine. If you have FRP skills check out the N46 that is mentioned on another thread.

This approach gets you into the mainstream and circumvents the need for Gardner, gorilla glue or JB Weld
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Old 08-17-2015, 12:37 PM   #80
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Final answer

I just received a lengthy reply from the legal counsel for the EPA, so let me get to the point:
  1. A homebuilt boat, built for pleasure use, is exempt from emissions requirements and can install any engine. However the boat cannot be sold for 5 years.
  2. A boat built by other than the owner (like a ship yard) is NOT exempt from emissions requirements, which as of now means Tier 3.
So the goal now is to find the most reliable Tier 3 engine, that has a "get home" emergency mode in case electronics fail. I am researching which, if any, Tier 3 engines are mechanically controlled.

Hope this helps some of you also.
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